It is a wetland site of international importance, covering 250 km², for the protection of the hundreds of thousands migratory birds that pass through during Autumn but there are also 18 species of reptiles.
The Zaranik Protectorate lies at the eastern end of Lake Bardawil on the Sinai Mediterranean coast and is a major bottleneck for migrating 270 recorded waterbirds due to its location and the Zaranik Lagoon.
Small islets in the Zaranik lagoon support dense halophytic vegetation.
Bottle-nosed Dolphins are the most commonly observed marine animals while Loggerhead Turtles (Caretta Caretta) nest on its Mediterranean shore.
Recently, a very small population of the rare and endangered Egyptian Tortoise (Testudo Kleinmanni) has been found in the area.